There are many balcony plants and balcony flowers. The choice is enormous. The question is which ones go together, visually and in terms of care. If you decide to plant all year round, which plants are suitable? Seasonal planting is a little easier. Which plants are very difficult to care for and which are easy to care for? Which plants are suitable for the location, i.e. sunny or shady location? There are so many questions. Ultimately, taste is often the decisive factor.

Hardy plants for year-round planting

Evergreen plants are ideal for year-round planting. They just look better in winter. Even then, color is a must. With the right choice, you can set accents and splashes of color even in the rather dreary season.

  • Koniferen in Zwergform
  • Slow-growing evergreen plants such as dwarf juniper, cypress, boxwood, ivy
  • Purple bells (Heuchera) are also impressive in winter with their silvery-purple leaves.
  • Creeping spindles are popular, with silvery, white, or yellow-edged or marbled leaves.
  • Lavender or winter or snow heather sets strong color accents in white, pink or violet.
  • Candytuft, flame flower, sedum, saxifrage and houseleek look good in balcony boxes or planters despite the frost.
  • Grasses also work well in winter, such as bearskin grass, blue fescue, Japanese sedge or fountain grass .
  • Containers that are too small freeze quickly.
  • The containers must be frost-proof!
  • Root balls must not dry out!
  • For a seamless transition to spring, spring flowering bulbs do well among the evergreens.

Rosen

Miniature roses are ideal as balcony plants. They bloom wonderfully, don’t take up much space, can be combined well, often smell wonderful and, however, do not take a lot of work. However, the right choice is important.

  • Miniature roses need a deep container, they are deep-rooted!
  • The contrasts of yellow and violet are exciting.
  • In contrast, a mix of pastel shades such as white and soft pink is romantic.
  • The ideal partner for roses is lavender. But he has completely different demands on care. Therefore, both plants should be placed in pots in the planter: Use a loose, well-drained substrate for roses and loamy soil for lavender!
  • Roses with the ADR rating are particularly robust and easy to care for.
  • Slightly larger varieties and also rose stems such as ‘Heidetraum’, ‘Jayne Austin’, ‘Knirps’, ‘The Fairy’, ‘Augusta Luise’, ‘Aquarelle’, ‘Nostalgie’, ‘Norita’, ‘Roy Black’ are suitable for keeping in buckets ´ `Gloria Dei´.
  • It is important to pack the containers well for the winter. You must not freeze through!

mixing boxes

Colorful mixing boxes are always popular. However, there are also new varieties here. It is important that the requirements of the plants match. Otherwise you can choose according to personal taste.

  • A classic among balcony plants is the petunia. New species include ‘Zuckerpuppe’, ‘Bavaria Bell’, ‘Sweet Sunshine’, Peppy Lavender’ and ‘Black Ray’
  • Geraniums and pelargoniums are also popular. New are delicate yellow (‘French Vanilla’) or orange (‘Orange Appeal’) blooming and always new fragrance varieties. Two-tone varieties such as ‘Blix’, ‘Fringed Aztec’ or ‘Aristo®’ Beauty’ or new flower forms such as ‘Summer Twist Red White’ are also very popular.
  • Magic bells in many colors conquer the balcony boxes. New to the range are, for example, ‘Bella Limoncella’ with striped flowers in white and yellow.
  • Marguerites go well with all balcony plants. They are easy to care for and grateful permanent bloomers. However, they are often attacked by aphids.
  • Vervain (verbena) comes in many colors. The plants bloom profusely, long and they are absolutely undemanding. New varieties are: ‘Lanai Red Twister’ and ‘Lanai Pink Twister’
  • Foliage plants such as stinging nettles, sweet potatoes and purple bells also add colour. You don’t need flowers to look good.

Balcony plants sorted by colour

  • Yellow – magic bells, elf mirror, petunia, hussar’s button, nasturtium, marigold, small dahlias, lantana, two-toothed, evening primrose ‘Lemon Drop’, St. John’s wort ‘Silvana’, goldhead ‘Desert Flame’
  • White – marguerite, fragrant auricular, geranium, petunia, magic bell, begonia, snowflake flower, magic snow ‘Silver Fog’, pompom-yarrow ‘Gipsy White’, carnation, hanging carnation, elfin spur, Spanish daisy, primula, verbena, strawberry
  • Red – geranium, begonia, carnation, dandelion, elfin mirror, verbena, elfin spur, fire sage, stonecrop, fuchsia , gazania, nasturtium, petunia, lantana, magic bell, dipladenia, dandelion, strawberry, lantana
  • Orange – magic bells, pelargonium, begonia, elfin spur, gazania, hussar’s head, cape daisy, nasturtium, slipper flower, marigold, marigold, lantana,
  • Pink and pink – Edellieschen, Elfenspiegel, Elfenspur, fuchsia, Cape daisy, marguerite, snowflake flower, magic bells, liver balm, passion flower, petunia, pelargonium, begonia,
  • Blue and Violet – Blue Mauritius, Blue Fan Flower , Balues ​​Daisies, Edellieschen, Elfenspiegel, Fuchsia, Bellflower, Capaster, Cape Daisies, Loyal to Man, Petunia, Snowflake Flower, Vanilla Flowers, Forget-Me-Not, Magic Bells , Liver Balm

scented plants

Scented plants are ideal for balconies that are sheltered from the wind. That way the wind can’t blow the smell away. Otherwise you should plant the aromatic plants in a bucket and place it in a quiet corner.

  • Fruity-spicy balcony boxes in red and white – strawberry mint ‘Almira’, mocha geranium ‘Nikita Salmon’, balcony sage ‘Farina White’, verbena ‘Samira Peach’ and magic bells ‘Calita Orange’
  • Chocolate scent in black and white – chocolate mint ‘Chocolate’, chocolate flower ‘Chocomocha’, petunia ‘Black Velvet’, magic snow ‘Silver Fog’ and petunia ‘Surfinia Snow’.
  • Vanilla fragrance at its finest in pink, pink, blue and violet – vanilla flower ‘Nagano’, balcony sage ‘Farina Violet’, rosemary ‘Abraxas’, magic bell ‘Calita Purple Star’ and magnificent candle ‘Gambit Rose’
  • Sweet scents in yellow and white – scented stone rich ‘Easter Bonnet’, Gazanie ‘Kiss Yellow’, dwarf curry ‘Aladin’, magic bell ‘Lemon Slice’ and Lantana ‘Esperanta Yellow 
  • Ideal partners for scented plants are sun-loving balcony flowers such as geraniums or magic bells.

grasses

Filigree grasses look good in the garden, but also look good on the balcony. Higher grasses are suitable for planters, and there are dainty varieties that do not grow too tall for balcony boxes.

  • Good for boxes are honey, cat, bearskin and moor grass.
  • For tubs, we recommend Chinese clade (smaller varieties), golden ridge grass and moor grass.
  • Grasses don’t like waterlogging!

Sweet fruit and berries

  • Strawberries look good in window boxes.
  • The combination with herbs, eg with chives and lemon thyme, is particularly ideal.
  • Red-flowering strawberries, such as the ‘Toscana’ variety, are beautiful
  • Favorable for semi-shady locations are hanging strawberries of the varieties ‘Lambada’, ‘Elvira’ and ‘Frapendula’.
  • There are also tomatoes and cucumbers, both for keeping in tubs and for hanging baskets.
  • Paprika and chili peppers can also be grown on the balcony if it is sunny.

Particularly easy-care plants

Anyone who does not want to or cannot invest a lot of time in the care of their balcony plants is well advised to opt for easy-care plants. No one will be able to avoid watering, but there are other things that plants sometimes need. It is important that the plants do not have to be cleaned, that they clean themselves, so to speak, so faded flowers simply fall off. Geraniums, for example, are very beautiful, but dead flowers have to be plucked off constantly so that the plants can sprout again. It also doesn’t look nice if all the faded remains remain on the plant. Self-cleaning plants are, for example, fan flowers, snowflake flowers, some types of petunias, magic bells, magic snow and others.

By location

Balcony plants for sunny balconies

Fan flowers, chrysanthemums, elfin spurs, strawberries, sedum, pelargonium, golden twigs, hussar’s heads, cape daisies, lavender, balcony sage, magic bells, midday gold, petunias, cushion bellflowers, purslane, rosemary and other herbs, verbena, vanilla flower, lantana , black-eyed Susanne, morning glory, zinia, Daisies, Blue Daisies, Magic Snow, and many others.

Balcony plants for shady balconies

Even in the shade, nobody needs to do without flowering dreams. There are appropriate plants for each location.
Tuberous begonias, fuchsias, ferns, busy lizards, boxwood, sweet lizards, ice begonias, ivy (especially beautiful with multicolored foliage and pattern), bleeding heart , primroses, bluebells, hydrangeas and others.

Balcony plant trends 2013

In principle, whatever pleases is allowed. Colorful vessels are very fashionable, also in bright colors. Planting is also colorful or classically elegant in just one color. Yellow is very popular at the moment. Tone on tone looks best when different growth forms and flower sizes meet.

Care of the balcony plants

When it comes to care, it is important that the plants in a box or tub match the requirements. You don’t plant a plant that likes it dry and hardly needs water with one that needs a lot of water to develop flowers. Of course, it is important to know the requirements of the plants. You should find out about it before you buy it!

Of course, watering and fertilizing are essential for care. It’s best to water in the morning, but evenings are fine too, as long as you don’t spray on leaves and flowers. In high heat and dense vegetation, it may be necessary to water twice. Planters with an irrigation system are recommended. The plants are better able to hold out there, since there is a water reservoir from which the roots can help themselves. Balcony flowering plants usually need a lot of nutrients. There is not much soil that could store them, so it has to be fertilized often. The easiest way is to add the fertilizer to the irrigation water. How often you have to fertilize depends of course on the planting. You can say that once a week is sufficient.

Otherwise, you have to check for pest infestation. Aphids occur from time to time, but are usually not harmful. If spider mites, mealybugs or mealybugs appear, something is wrong with the care. The balcony flowers are usually too damp or wet. That weakens them. They become susceptible to pests and also to diseases, mostly fungi.

Most balcony plants are not hardy. In autumn, at the latest when the first frosts set in, the plants are disposed of.

Overwintering balcony flowers

Overwintering is particularly worthwhile for potted plants. A distinction is made between plants that cannot tolerate the cold at all, i.e. have to be overwintered in the house or apartment, or those that can remain well protected outside on the balcony.

Most plants are left outside as long as possible. Among them are the oleander, the olive tree, the angel ‘s trumpet and others. Lemon trees, hibiscus and other sensitive plants have to come in earlier, i.e. at temperatures of around 5 to 8 degrees.

Plants that are left outside, such as hydrangeas, roses, clematis, box and others, are well wrapped. If possible, the vessels should not freeze through. You put them on Styrofoam plates, wrap the tubs and boxes well and finally cover the plants. Of course you shouldn’t forget to water, on frost-free days and always only a little. Very few plants tolerate waterlogging in winter.

The plants that are to overwinter indoors are placed in a place adapted to their needs. It is best to read how the individual plants want to overwinter, because there are many differences, mainly in terms of temperature and light.

Fuchsias, tuberous begonias, laurel, cylinder brush, myrtle, star jasmine and spice bark are suitable for wintering indoors.

Normal balcony flowers can of course also be overwintered. You cut them back strongly, at least 2/3 and then put the boxes in a cool and bright place. The whole winter is poured only sparingly and not fertilized. From February you can put the boxes warmer, then the plants will sprout again. It is important to bring the boxes to the winter quarters as dry as possible. So you only water sporadically before you set it up and rainwater must also be kept away.

Conclusion
There are so many balcony plants, one could fill pages with their names and the advantages and disadvantages. I just wanted to give a brief overview here. If you need more details, you have to research further. I personally like scented plants, both in the garden and on the balcony and terrace. There are many of them, so everyone will find their favourites.

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