When pruning plants in the fall, remove unwanted shoots and branches that are preventing the plants from growing. With a proper pruning, gardeners can improve the health of their plants. The following article is dedicated to the specimens that you should cut in the fall.

fruit plants

If you have fruit plants in your garden, you want a rich harvest. In order for the plants to bear fruit properly next year, some specimens have to be cut back in autumn.

Apple (Malus domestica)

  • is one of the economically most important types of fruit
  • grows up to 15 meters high
  • loses its leaves, the pruning should then take place
  • Flowering time is in Central Europe in spring
  • in Germany there are over 1500 varieties
  • Prune back in late summer or early fall to curb growth
  • Preserve fruit shoots, carefully remove old shoots

Prunus armeniaca

  • other names for the apricot are apricot or malete
  • occurs as a tree or shrub
  • sheds foliage after summer
  • in rare cases up to 10 meters tall, mostly a height of six meters
  • Flowering time in spring between March and April
  • Harvest possible from May to September
  • Prune the apricot afterwards

Pears (Pyrus)

  • deciduous trees up to 20 meters high
  • there are about 25 different species in the world
  • Shorten the branches by about 1/3 of their length
  • autumn pruning to retard growth

Blaubeere (Vaccinium myrtillus)

  • other names are blueberry , blackberry, or cranberry
  • is a dwarf shrub that grows upright
  • grows up to 60 cm tall
  • Blueberry bushes can live up to 30 years
  • sensitive to frosty temperatures, pruning must be done before frost

Grumbling Bears (Rubus sect. Rubus)

  • they are evergreen or winter-bare plants
  • either they shed their leaves before or after summer
  • Flowering period from May to August
  • after flowering, pruning is possible
  • cut in autumn after flowering when temperatures are mild

Goji-Beere (Lycium barbarum)

  • also called common buckshorn
  • in China, the goji berry is important in traditional medicine
  • deciduous shrub that can grow up to four meters tall
  • Flowering time extends from June to September
  • gardeners should then cut the plants
  • hardy plant that tolerates frosty temperatures

Himbeere (Rubus idaeus)

  • occurs as a shrub
  • grows up to two meters tall
  • Flowering time between May and August
  • deciduous shrub that sheds its leaves in autumn
  • Propagation takes place vegetatively by root shoots
  • Cut old two-year-old shoots after the raspberry harvest in October

Pfirsich (Prunus persica)

  • occurs as a tree with a height of up to 8 meters
  • bare branches and hairy buds
  • Flowering time in Central Europe in April
  • Different varieties available (flat peach, nectarine etc.)
  • Winter chill required for peach to thrive
  • before winter the branches are cut back
  • after harvest, remove 3/4 of the shoots
  • radical pruning down to three single buds

Pflaumen (Prunus domestica)

  • can occur as a shrub or tree
  • usually up to 5 meters high, in rare cases the plum reaches a height of 10 meters
  • Flowering time extends from April to May
  • Fruits can vary in shape, different colors of plum
  • Cut in midsummer or late fall
  • in late autumn, pruning is easier thanks to the sparse treetops
  • leave four side shoots

Sour and sweet cherries (Prunus cerasus and Prunus avium)

  • two different types of cherry
  • deciduous tree up to 30 meters tall
  • Flowering time from April to May
  • winter bare deciduous tree whose leaves fall off in autumn (bright red foliage)
  • The plants should be cut back after the leaves have fallen
  • Pruning after harvest in August and September

ornamental plants

Not only fruit plants are found in the home garden. Anyone who creates an attractive appearance with ornamental plants must cut them regularly. The following species require pruning in the fall to bloom in full bloom the following year.

Oleander (Nerium oleander)

  • only species of the plant genus Nerium
  • all parts of the plant are poisonous
  • evergreen plant that is up to six meters high
  • Flowering period from June to September
  • With good fertilization and watering, it is suitable as a garden plant
  • usually kept as a container plant
  • Pruning should be done before winter, 5-10 degrees Celsius are optimal for hibernation

Roses (Pink)

  • Roses are a plant genus of the rose family
  • Shrubs with showy flowers
  • Cultivated rose is the ornamental plant in the garden, wild rose grows in forests
  • deciduous shrubs that grow up to 4 meters tall
  • about half a centimeter above the bud
  • sloping pruning
  • Pruning recommended before the first night frost

Tulpenmagnolie (Magnolia × soulangeana)

  • is the most common magnolia in Central Europe
  • deciduous shrub or tree
  • up to nine meters tall
  • Flower buds form after summer, requiring pruning of the plant at this time of year

Weigelie (Weigela)

  • are used in gardens as an ornamental plant
  • shed their leaves in autumn
  • grow as shrubs
  • Prune after flowering in late summer or early fall


Hedges are very popular as property boundaries. In order for the plants to stay in shape, you have to cut them regularly. For the following species, this is necessary in the fall.

Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens)

  • Plant species found in Europe, North Africa and western Asia
  • evergreen shrub that grows slowly
  • often grows up to 8 meters tall, rarely even up to twenty meters
  • yellow flowers between March and May
  • in September the fruits split, then the plant can be cut

Yew (Taxus baccata)

  • only European species of yew
  • can get very old
  • is one of the oldest trees in the world
  • grows as a tree or shrub
  • Deep root system that anchors the yew firmly to the ground
  • Reduction of 3/4 of the shoots

Feldahorn (Acer campestre)

  • grows as a deciduous shrub and rarely as a tree
  • can grow up to twenty meters high
  • Flowering time between May and June
  • occurs almost all over Europe
  • Cutting back dead wood
  • Shorten branches to encourage budding in spring

Feuerdorn (Pyracantha)

  • evergreen shrubs and small trees with branches
  • Fruits ripen in the autumn season
  • different colors of the fruit
  • thanks to thorny branches ideal for hedges
  • Cut in early fall
  • frost threatens damage to new shoots
  • radical pruning occurs only in spring

Hainbuche (Carpinus)

  • tall shrubs and deciduous trees
  • occur throughout the northern hemisphere
  • in Europe the common hornbeam is widespread
  • thin branches and pointed buds
  • twice a year pruning recommended

Kirschlorbeer (Prunus laurocerasus)

  • Plant species native to Asia
  • Due to its frost resistance, the plant is very popular as an ornamental plant and hedge
  • evergreen shrub or tree
  • blooms between April and June
  • due to the rapid growth, gardeners have to cut back the cherry laurel regularly
  • Hedge trimming before the onset of autumn
  • radical procedure possible when cutting back

Liguster (Ligustrum)

  • deciduous or evergreen plant species
  • are native to Asia and Europe
  • are used as ornamental plants and hedges
  • popular cut hedge in gardens
  • Shorten 1/3 to 2/3 of the branches, small shoots should remain

Rotbuche (Fagus sylvatica)

  • native deciduous tree that occurs almost all over Europe
  • the most common deciduous tree in German forests
  • deciduous tree that can grow up to 30 meters high
  • fast growing and dense crown
  • the milder the winter, the sooner you cut
  • remove injured shoots at the end of the growth phase

False cypress (Chamaecyparis)

  • strong correspondence to the cypresses
  • however, the branches are flattened and the cones are significantly smaller
  • evergreen trees and rarely shrubs
  • do not cut in frost
  • Use sharp scissors to cut shoots from top to bottom

Stechpalmen (Ilex aquifolium)

  • only prickly plant native to Central Europe
  • evergreen shrub that grows up to five meters or tree with a height of 10 meters
  • Flowering time at the end of spring (between May and June)
  • the fruits are ripe from October, after which the gardeners can cut the plants

Perennials (late flowering)

Perennials are flowering plants that are perennial or herbaceous. The perennials usually last for several years. Nevertheless, it requires comprehensive care, which includes pruning. Prune the following specimens in autumn.

Ballonblume (Platycodon grandiflorus)

  • The name comes from the peculiarity of the plants that the buds swell strongly
  • herbaceous plants grows up to 70 cm tall
  • the flowers have a size of about 5 centimeters
  • Flowering time from July to August
  • partially hardy plant
  • Clean out the balloon flower in early autumn so that new flowers appear

Flockenblumen (Centaurea)

  • mainly distributed in Europe
  • herbaceous plants that can rarely grow up to three meters tall
  • lose their foliage
  • remove withered stems
  • cut back to 10 cm above the ground in the autumn months

Autumn asters (Aster)

  • Autumn asters are a species of asters
  • perennial plants, some of which grow as shrubs
  • can grow up to three meters tall
  • Cut back after flowering
  • do not cut in frost

Rittersporn (Delphinium)

  • poisonous plant, with poison found in all parts of the plant
  • perennial and herbaceous plant
  • cut off dead stems
  • cut at least twice a year

Snakehead (Chelone)

  • Plants are also known as shield flowers or pussies
  • widespread in North America
  • are mainly used as ornamental plants
  • herbaceous plants
  • only thin out in late autumn

Sturgeon (Geranium)

  • common in Germany under the name geraniums
  • mostly perennial plants
  • Leaves that fall off after summer
  • Cut after flowering
  • Pruning of geraniums depends on the plant species
  • preferably make the cutout in late autumn
  • after pruning with fertilizer accelerate healing

frequently asked Questions

Autumn is not the same as autumn. If you want to take care of your plants in the garden professionally, you should choose the right time. Some plants require pruning in late summer/early fall, while for other specimens late fall/early winter is a better choice.

In a cold autumn, frost can occur unusually early. In this case, you should not cut the growths. The injuries impair the protective system of the plants. Better catch up on the cut when it gets warmer.

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