An ornamental garden, rich in lush flowers, makes people pause in amazement as they pass by; it testifies to gardening skills combined with imaginative design ideas. Mother Nature provided the templates through thousands of species diversity, which were further developed by humans in the form of wonderful breeds. For the bed, the rock garden, the flower box, the bucket, the traffic light or the flower pot; for every location there is an opulent selection of annual and perennial varieties for the committed gardener, which are presented in the following list.

Annual garden flowers

They only take a short run-up and then bloom with all their might throughout the summer. The only goal in life for annual garden flowers is to develop flowers that are as impressive as possible, so that their death by withering in autumn is not in vain. By attracting bees, bumblebees and butterflies, which spread their pollen, they ensure their survival.

For the flower bed and in the planter:

  • Adonisröschen (Adonis aestivalis)
  • Aster (Callistephus chinensis)
  • Bechermalve (Lavatera trimestris)
  • Begonie (Begonia)
  • Eisbegonie (Begonia semperflorens)
  • Busy Lizzie (Impatiens balsamina)
  • Fuchsia standing (Fuchsia)
  • Monkey Flower (Mimulus)
  • Gänseblümchen (Brachyscome iberidifolia ‚Blue Star ‘)
  • Graukresse (Berteroa incana)
  • Löwenmaul (Antirrhinum majus)
  • Midday gold (Gazania splendens)
  • Petunia standing (Petunia)
  • Portulakröschen (Portulaca grandiflora)
  • Ringelblume (Calendula officinalis)
  • Seidenmohn (Papaver rhoeas)
  • Sommerazalee (Godetia amoena)
  • Sonnenblume (Helianthus annuus)
  • Steinkraut (Lobularia maritima)
  • Spinnenpflanze (Cleome hassleriana)
  • Strandflieder (Limonium sinuatum)
  • Salvie (Salvia splendens)
  • Strauchmargerite (Argyranthemum frutescens)
  • Tangier wickie (Lathyrus tingitanus)
  • Tagetes (Tagetes patula)
  • Vervain (Vervain)
  • Vergissmeinnicht (Anchusa capensis)
  • Piss Off Flower (Plectranthus/Coleus)
  • Zinnie Dahlie (Zinnia elegans)

Ideal annual varieties for the hanging basket:

  • Duftsteinrich (Lobularia maritima)
  • Fächerblume (Scaevola saligna)
  • Hanging Begonia (Begonia cultivars ‘Bonfire’)
  • Hanging Fuchsia (Fuchsia)
  • Hanging geranium (Pelargonium Peltatum hybrids)
  • Hanging Petunia (Petunia)
  • Loyal to men (Lobelia erinus)
  • Pompon Schafgarbe (Achillea ptarmica)
  • Verbena hybrid hanging (Verbena x peruviana)
  • Magic Bells Millionbells (Calibrachoa)

Annual ground cover:

  • Schneeflockenblume (Sutera diffusus)
  • Steinkraut (Lobularia maritima)

Annual garden flowers that climb:

  • Duftwicke Edelwicke (Lathyrus odoratus)
  • Glockenrebe (Cobaea scandens)
  • Climbing Bleeding Heart (Dicentra scandens)
  • Canary Capuchin Cress (Tropaeolum peregrinum)
  • Prunkwinde (Ipomoea tricolor)
  • Passionsblume (Passiflora)
  • Rosenkelch (Rhodochiton atrosanguineus)
  • Black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata)
  • Sternwinde (Ipomoea lobata)

Among the annual garden flowers there are numerous species and varieties that are not completely hardy, but can certainly overwinter indoors. Geraniums and fuchsias are among the typical representatives of these flowers, which can be worth the effort to preserve.

Popular perennial garden flowers

Although they don’t make such a meteoric rise as annual flowers, the perennial varieties in the garden have the ‘staying power’. As a rule, they need little or no winter protection to get through the cold season. Without much effort, they appear again next year.

Early blooming onion flowers:

  • Spring Alpine Violet (Cyclamen coum)
  • Spring Anemone (Anemone blanda)
  • Blausternchen (Scilla siberica)
  • Hyazinthe (Chionodoxa forbesii)
  • Crocus
  • March cup (Leucojum vernum)
  • Daffodil (Narcissus)
  • Glory Snow (Chionodoxa forbesii)
  • Snowdrop (Galanthus)
  • Tulpe
  • Winterling (Eranthis hyemalis)
  • Windröschen (Anemone nemorosa)

Since the early-flowering bulbs reappear every year, but retreat back into the ground immediately after flowering, experienced gardeners plant them next to perennial perennials so that there are no gaps in the bed. In view of the large selection, there are no limits to the imaginative design ideas. The range of possibilities extends from a cheerful, colorful potpourri of flowers to an elegant tone-on-tone creation.

Flower perennials for the garden in spring and summer:

  • Alpenedelweiß (Leontopodium alpinum)
  • Aurikel Primel (Primula)
  • Fleabane (Erigeron glaucus)
  • Tufted Bell (Edraianthus tenuifolius)
  • Duftnessel (Agastache)
  • Flower of Gods (Dodecatheon tetrandum cv. Rotlicht)
  • Grasnelke (Armeria maritima)
  • Gunsel (Ajuga)
  • Färberkamille (Anthemis)
  • Fetthenne (Sedum spurium)
  • Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla)
  • Fuchsia (Fuchsia)
  • Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
  • Hibiskus (Hibiscus moscheutos)
  • Gypsophila (Gypsophila paniculata)
  • Iris (Iris pumila)
  • Japan-Orchidee (Ponerorchis)
  • Lenzrose (Helleborus Orientalis)
  • Lungenkraut (Pulmonaria angustifolia ‘Azure’)
  • Nelke (Dianthus)
  • Clove Root (Geum)
  • Peppermint (Paeonia Hybrid ‘Coral Charm’)
  • Astilbe (Astilbe)
  • Schafgarbe (Achillea ageratifolia)
  • Spierstaude (Filipendula purpurea ‚Elegans‘)
  • African Lily (Agapunthus)
  • Steinnelke zweifarbig (Dianthus delt. cv. Arctic Fire)
  • Pansies (Viola)
  • Taglilie (Hemerocallis Hybride)

Flowering Ground Cover Perennials:

  • Blaukissen (Aubrieta)
  • Rotes Blaukissen (Aubrieta-Hybriden cv. Royal Red)
  • Gänsekresse (Arabis caucasica)
  • Stuffed Gypsophila (Gypsophila hybrid ‘Compacta Plena’)
  • Gold-Fingerkraut (Potentilla aurea)
  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
  • Isotoma (Isotoma fluviatilis)
  • Catnip (Nepeta faassenii ‘Six Hills Giant’)
  • Long-haired mountain thyme (Thymus praecox)
  • Maiteppich-Veronika (Veronica prostrata)
  • Striped cushion phlox (Phlox subulata cv. Candy Stripes)
  • Rosenwaldmeister (Phuopsis stylosa)
  • Snow Pillow (Arabis caucasica)
  • Steinrich (Alyssum saxatile)

Climbing flower perennials:

  • Clematis (Clematis viticella)
  • Climbing Roses (Pink)
  • Wisteria (Wisteria)
  • Kletterhortensie (Hydrangea petiolaris)
  • Klettertrompete (Campsis radicans)
  • Winterjasmin (Jasminum nudiflorum)

Hardy Garden Flowers for Fall Bloom:

  • Amurnelke (Dianthus amurensis)
  • Büffelrose (Callirhoe involucrata)
  • Chrysantheme (Chrysanthemum)
  • Spiderwort (Tradescantia)
  • Graue Färberkamille (Anthemis tinctoria ‚Susanna Mitchell‘)
  • Greater Gloxinia (Incarvillea olgae)
  • Autumn anemone (Anemone Japonica hybrid ‘Wirbelwind’)
  • Herbstlattich (Leontodon autumnalis)
  • Pillow Aster (Aster dumosus)
  • Kreuzenzian (Gentiana cruciata)
  • Prairie Glow (Rudbeckia triloba “Prairy Glow”)
  • Sorrel (Oxyria digyna)
  • Scabiose (Scabiosa ochroleuca ‚Moon Dance‘)
  • Schildblume (Chelone oblique)

Typical perennial varieties for the cottage garden

The cottage garden is the epitome of tradition, rural tranquility and harmony. While this classic archetype of the garden was used by the farmer’s wife for self-sufficiency, the farmer’s garden is now usually used in a slightly modified form as an ornamental garden. The colorful diversity is basically retained, but the focus of the planting has shifted. Fewer vegetable, fruit or medicinal plants, but more ornamental plants, which the farmer’s wife in the traditional garden actually only served to fill in the gaps and to decorate the altar and have now taken on the leading role.

  • Akanthus (Acanthus mollis)
  • Akelei (Aquilegia vulgaris)
  • Bartnelke (Dianthus barbatus)
  • Blue ballpoint pen (Echinops ritro)
  • Blue Bellflower (Campanula persicifolia)
  • Borretsch (Borago officinalis)
  • Duftnachtkerze (Oenothera odorata)
  • Dark Poppy (Papaver)
  • Eisenhut (Aconitum napellus)
  • Fingerhut (Digitalis)
  • Glockenblume (Campanula)
  • Kornblume (Centaurea cyanus)
  • Leberbalsam (Ageratum houstonianum)
  • Rittersporn (Delphinium belladonna)
  • Coneflower (Rudbeckia)
  • Stockrose (Alcea rosea)

The typical cottage garden according to today’s concept has less healthy food for the palate to offer than numerous colorful appetizers for the eye. In this way, the natural charm is preserved and gives the hobby gardener plenty of scope for creative design.

Beautiful flower perennials for the roof garden

The right planting for a roof garden is a special challenge for every garden lover. On the one hand, the chosen flowers should be extremely stress-resistant, on the other hand, they should have a decorative appearance. The following low-growing, cushion-forming garden flowers have already proven that they can handle the extreme demands of such a location:

  • Berg-Steinkraut (Alyssum montanum)
  • Heide-Nelke (Dianthus deltoides)
  • Garden avens (Dryas x suendermannii)
  • Greater Accentor (Prunella grandiflora)
  • Little hawkweed (Hieracium pilosella ‘Niveum’)
  • Poster Veil Herb (Gypsophila repens)
  • Red Cat’s Paw (Antennaria dioica)
  • Dwarf Bellflower (Campanula)

Although the small flowering perennials make up the essential part of the planting on a roof garden, some taller plants should not be missing, whose task is to set attractive accents:

  • Astlose Graslilie (Anthericum liliago)
  • Blauer Ysop (Hyssopus officinalis)
  • Goldhaar-Aster (Aster linosyris)
  • Gold-Flachs (Linum flavum ‘Compactum’)
  • Karthäuser-Nelke (Dianthus carthusianorum)
  • Little Meadowsweet (Filipendula vulgaris)
  • Round-leaved bellflower (Campanula rotundifolia ‘Olympica’)
  • Spornblume (Centranthus ruber ‚Rosenrot‘)
  • Meadow yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Garden flowers for the gravel bed

Thanks to the advantages of a gravel garden, hobby gardening can be practiced even with little free time. Once it has been created, the maintenance work is kept within manageable limits. Of course, the garden lover would also like to do without blooming garden flowers in a gravel bed. However, these have to cope with the dry, sandy and quite meager conditions:

  • Hochland-Aster (Aster ptarmicoides)
  • Blauraute (Perovskia)
  • Eisenkraut (Verbena bonariensis)
  • Enzian (Gentiana alpina)
  • Indigolupine (Baptisia australis)
  • Junkerlilie (Asphodeline lutea)
  • Königskerze (Verbascum)
  • Ball leeks (Allium aflatunense)
  • Mädchenauge (Coreopsis Verticillata)
  • Ochsenzunge (Anchusa azurea)
  • Pechnelke (Lychnis alpina)
  • Beautiful cherry (Gaura lindheimeri)
  • Schöterich (Erysimum pulchellum)
  • Woodpecker (Achillea ageratifolia)
  • Spornblume (Centranthus ruber ‚Rosenrot‘)

This list of suitable garden flowers for the gravel bed shows that flowering plants can also be discovered for this location in full sun.

The most beautiful varieties of the ‘queen of garden flowers’

It is the undisputed leader in the ranking of the most popular garden flowers. The rose has been revered by gardeners around the world for centuries for its grace and beauty. In the following, some beautiful varieties are presented, some of which even bloom more often with the right care and enchant the garden for several years.

Beetrose Rosa ‘Leonardo da Vinci’

  • dark pink, densely filled flowers
  • blooms several times a year
  • Growth height 60 cm to 70 cm

Beetrose ‚Airbrush‘

  • orange/yellow and creamy white flowers
  • half filled
  • Growth height up to 70 cm

Beetrose ‚Aprikola‘

  • flowers are apricot-colored fading to pink
  • double flowers
  • Growth height up to 70 cm

Bed rose ‘garden fun’

  • yellow flowers with a red edge
  • lush flowers
  • Growth height up to 80 cm

Edelrose ‘Barkarole’

  • velvety dark red flower
  • jet black buds
  • Growth height up to 100 cm

Edelrose ‚Berolina‘

  • lemon yellow flowers
  • strong flower filling
  • Growth height up to 100 cm

Edelrose ‚The Pearl’

  • creamy white flowers
  • richly filled
  • Growth height up to 80 cm

dwarf rose ‘Mandy’

  • bright red flowers
  • half filled
  • Growth height up to 50 cm

Dwarf Rose ‘Charming’

  • pink flowers with a yellow-white centre
  • filled
  • Growth height up to 50 cm

Dwarf Rose ‘Sun Child’

  • golden yellow flower color
  • filled
  • Growth height up to 35 cm

Climbing Rose ‘Flame Dance’

  • Flower color fiery red
  • climbs up to 500 cm in height
  • suitable for rough situations

Climbing Rose ‘Harlequin’

  • creamy white flowers with a reddish edge
  • glossy, dark green foliage
  • Climbing height up to 250 cm

Kletterrose ‚New Dawn‘

  • creamy white flowers
  • small dense foliage
  • Climbing height up to 300 cm

Climbing Rose ‘Moonlight’

  • lemon yellow flowers
  • copper yellow buds
  • climbs up to 250 cm high

Perfume rose ‘Constanze Mozart’

  • Flower color soft creamy pink
  • Growth height up to 80 cm
  • smells particularly intense in the afternoon

Fragrant rose ‘Countess Diana’

  • purple-violet flowers
  • Growth height up to 100 cm
  • harmonious, floral scent

Fragrant rose ‘Duchess Christiana’

  • delicate pink flowers
  • Growth height up to 70 cm
  • lovely, slightly fruity fragrance

Duftrose ‚Madame Anisette‘

  • cream-colored flowers with hints of apricot
  • Growth height up to 80 cm
  • aromatic-spicy fragrance

A variety of rose varieties can be grafted as standard roses. In this way, roses can not only be cultivated in a particularly space-saving manner, but also serve as an attractive eye-catcher even in a small garden or in a bucket.

Conclusion
From mid-May, right after the Ice Saints, the annual garden flowers make their big appearance. When ground frosts are no longer to be feared, put them in the bed, in the hanging basket, in the bucket or in the flower box. Within a short time they fill the garden with their blooms. However, their end is inevitable at the latest when the first frost strikes again. The perennial flower varieties are more relaxed about this; with a light winter protection and sometimes even without it, they survive the cold season and appear again in all their beauty next year.

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