Even in a small garden you don’t have to do without trees, they should just be a little smaller. No matter whether they are evergreen, flowering, shapely or small trees with colorful foliage.

Small deciduous trees

True laurel (Laurus nobilis)

  • small trees with a beautiful, compact habit
  • between 150-250 cm high
  • dark green, leathery foliage, margins wavy
  • blooms from May to June
  • single, yellowish-white, umbel-shaped flowers
  • shiny black berries

Rosskastanie ‚Monstrosa‘ (Aesculus hippocastanum)

  • real rarity with bizarre deformations of the shoots (bandages)
  • Branches of these garden trees are usually curved, twisted and flat
  • dwarf growth up to 200 cm high
  • Leaves in clusters and relatively small
  • beautiful yellow fall color
  • white, slightly fragrant flowers from May

Dwarf Swamp Oak ‘Swamp Pygmy’ (Quercus palustris)

  • conical, loose growth, stays small
  • ordinary heights of 200-300 cm
  • Leaves deciduous, deeply lobed
  • orange-yellow, copper-brown to reddish autumn colour
  • Garden trees with yellowish flowers in May
  • decorative fruits in autumn
Tip: The most important thing when caring for these garden trees is an adequate water supply.

Small trees with leaf decoration

Variegated fan maple ‘Oridono nishiki’ (Acer palmatum)

  • slow-growing ornamental tree
  • slender, upright, small trees up to 300 cm tall
  • Leaves bright pink, creamy white and intense green
  • Autumn color yellow, orange, red
  • small, red, umbel-shaped flowers in May

Fächerahorn ‚Orange Dream‘ (Acer palmatum)

  • upright, loosely overhanging growth, 200-300 cm high
  • early, colorful shoots
  • constantly changing color play of the leaves
  • bright yellow-orange to reddish
  • fresh shade of green in the middle of the leaf
  • small reddish flowers in May

Fächerahorn ‚Shaina‘ (Acer palmatum)

  • densely bushy, well-branched growth, remains small
  • between 125 and 150 cm high
  • deeply dissected, dark red foliage
  • early beautiful sprouting
  • small red flowers in May

Green Maple ‘Dissectum’ (Acer palmatum)

  • broad, bushy, arching overhanging growth
  • Garden trees with spreading branches
  • Growth heights of 100-200 cm
  • green, deeply and finely dissected foliage
  • bright golden yellow to orange in autumn
Tip: This Japanese maple needs a good location right from the start, because it doesn’t like transplanting at all.

Schlitzblättrige Rosskastanie ‚Laciniata‘ (Aesculus hippocastanum)

  • weak, narrow-crowned growth, remains small
  • Branches sagging
  • between 180 and 250 cm tall
  • showy, mid-green foliage
  • very narrow, deeply slit, often filiform

With an interesting flower

Blumenhartriegel ‚Rosabella‘ (Cornus florida)

  • upright growth, slightly layered structure
  • Crown spreading broadly at the top
  • in old age up to 300 cm high
  • Foliage green, reddish in autumn
  • Flowering period from May to June
  • single, radial, rose-red flowers
  • red, raspberry-like fruits, edible

Borstenakazie ‚Macrophylla‘ (Robinia hispida)

  • grows loosely branched, broadly upright
  • Forming runners, drooping shoot tips
  • Growth heights of 150-300 cm
  • deep green, pinnate, broadly elliptical foliage
  • blooms from May to June
  • single, racemose, lilac-pink flower clusters

Japanese lotus tree (Clerodendrum trichotomum)

  • exotic small tree or shrub
  • with growth heights of 200-300 cm
  • Forming runners, multiple shoots
  • Leaves long, heart-shaped, light green to intense green
  • blooms from August to September
  • fragrant white flowers, pink calyx
  • black berries in autumn

Mandelbäumchen (Prunus triloba)

  • grows as a small tree or shrub
  • Growth height between 150-200 cm
  • ovate leaves, serrate edge
  • flowers from March to April
  • double pink flowers, wonderfully fragrant

Star Magnolia (Magnolia stellata)

  • slow, densely branched growth
  • small trees up to 300 cm high
  • Leaves obovate, light green
  • early flowering from March to April
  • pure white, radiating, pleasantly scented

Dwarf Bloodfly (Prunus cistena)

  • loose, upright growth, up to 250 cm high
  • small tree or shrub
  • striking dark red foliage and bark
  • pointed lanceolate, ovate leaves
  • blooms from late April to May
  • single, radial, pink-white flowers
  • bright red fruits in autumn

Dwarf Cherry ‘Brilliant’ (Prunus kurilensis)

  • Dwarf form of the ornamental cherry , stays small
  • Roundish, loose structure, up to 200 cm high
  • Abundant flowering from March to April
  • simple plate-shaped flowers
  • initially pink, later pure white
  • fruit set in warm years

With an overhanging crown

Hanging catkin willow ‘Pendula’ (Salix caprea)

  • Ornamental tree with a small, overhanging crown
  • Growth height depends on trunk height
  • Leaves oval, round dull green
  • yellowish autumn colour
  • Flowering time from March to April
  • single, yellow and silvery white catkins

Harlekinweide 理 Hakuro Nishiki’ (Salix integra)

  • grows as a stem, bush or shrub
  • dense, bushy growth, willow-typical rods
  • with growth heights of 150-300 cm
  • small oblong, white-green leaves
  • pink when sprouting
  • flowers from March to April
  • simple yellow catkins, inconspicuous

Small spherical trees

Globe ginkgo tree ‘Mariken’ (Ginkgo biloba)

  • one of the last living fossils
  • small tree with a dense, rounded crown
  • almost spherical in nature
  • dense, short and stiff spherical shape
  • slow, compact growth, 100-150 cm high
  • leaf-shaped needles, fan-shaped, lobed

Ball Trumpet Tree ‘Nana’ (Catalpa bignonioides)

  • slow growing, densely branched small tree
  • spherical, broadly domed crown
  • fresh green, heart-shaped foliage, softly hairy
  • yellow autumn leaves
  • neither flower nor fruit

Lollypop Birke ‚Magical Globe‘ (R) (Betula pendula)

  • bushy, compact, robust standard
  • spherical crown
  • Growth height 60-120 cm
  • deciduous, toothed, ovate-lanceolate foliage, light-colored bark
  • Suitable as a house tree and container plant

Steppenkirsche ‚Globosa‘ (Prunus fruticosa)

  • picturesque small tree with elegant foliage
  • grows slowly, bushy, conspicuously short shoots, up to 300 cm high
  • elliptic to obovate green leaves
  • Autumn color yellow-orange
  • small single white flowers from April to May
  • dark red, pea-sized cherries, edible

Swamp Oak ‘Green Dwarf’ (Quercus palustris)

  • slow, densely branched growth
  • erect, bushy, spherical
  • Growth heights of 150-200 cm
  • elongate oval, pointedly toothed, mid-green to dark green leaves
  • Light green or pale red when they shoot, orange-red in autumn
  • Flowering time in May
  • simple, golden yellow umbels

dwarf fruit trees

‘Early Dalmatian’ fern (Ficus carica)

  • Mediterranean, well-branched small tree or shrub
  • particularly vigorous, 100-300 cm high
  • very large, green, toothed leaves
  • beautiful yellow fall color
  • blooms from early July to late August
  • typical fig fruits, edible
  • Winter protection required in the first few years

Pfirsich (Prunus persica var. Persica)

  • Dwarf form with slow, squat growth, high-yield
  • between 100 and 120 cm high
  • pink flowers from March to April
  • yellow-red to red, juicy fruits
  • Harvest from mid to late August

Dwarf apple trees ‘Alkmene Linus’ (Malus)

  • Growth height 150-250 cm
  • small to medium-sized fruits
  • bright crimson colour
  • aromatic apple with fine acidity
  • Ripening time from September to October

Zwergaprikose ‚Compacta‘ (Prunus armeniaca)

  • new high-yielding variety with stocky growth
  • about 200 cm high
  • medium-sized, very juicy, sweet and fresh fruit
  • Stone easy to remove
  • ready to eat from July to August
Tip: This dwarf apricot does not need a pollinator plant, it is self-fertile. However, one more plant could increase the yield.

Zwergbirne ‚Helenchen ‘ (Pyrus)

  • pear that stays small , up to 180 cm high
  • upright compact growth
  • rich harvest, juicy, aromatic fruits
  • large, green-skinned, red body colour
  • Harvest early October to early December

Dwarf Mirabelle ‘Nancy’ (Prunus domestica)

  • extremely productive variety
  • low, sparse growth, thornless
  • between 50-160 cm high
  • Harvest from August to September
  • small yellow fruits with reddish spots on the sunny side
  • sweet and aromatic pulp

Zwergsauerkirsche ‚Piemont‘ (Prunus avium)

  • upright, compact small trees
  • Growth height of 100-150 cm
  • Plenty of flowers in spring from March
  • medium-sized, bright red, sour-sweet fruits
  • Ready for consumption June and July

Small conifers

Blue dwarf larch ‘Blue Dwarf’ (Larix kaempferi)

  • Ornamental trunk with a compact crown structure
  • about 150 cm high and wide
  • brown-orange shoots
  • beautiful soft, blue-green needles
  • deciduous, yellow autumn colour
Note: This dwarf larch is one of the few deciduous conifers.

Japanese Yew ‘Nana’ (Taxus cuspidata)

  • grows broadly upright, columnar, closed
  • very weak growth
  • Growth heights of 100-200 cm
  • Color of the needles is green
  • fresh green when they shoot, later shiny dark green

Japanese hanging larch ‘Pendula’ (Larix kaempferi)

  • special ornamental form of the larch
  • Garden trees with a straight trunk and strongly overhanging shoots
  • Growth height depending on location up to 150 cm
  • fresh green, soft needles, about three centimeters long
  • deciduous, yellow autumn colour
Tip: With this hanging larch, a thinning cut is recommended from the third to the fifth year of growth.

Krummholz-Kiefer (Pinus mugo var. mughus)

  • slow, bushy growth
  • from 175-300 cm tall, prostrate stems
  • Knee-shaped, then ascending branches
  • very good leaf health
  • conical, cinnamon brown cones

East Asian dwarf pine ‘Glauca’ (Pinus pumila)

  • slow-growing, broadly bushy, densely branched, remains small
  • after ten years about 100 cm high
  • Needles silvery blue, dense
  • arranged in clusters of five needles
  • male flowers strikingly deep red

Dwarf Balsam Fir ‘Nana’ (Abies balsamea)

  • spherical fir, up to 100 cm high
  • wind resistant, slow growing
  • in old age up to 250 cm wide
  • conspicuously short, dense needles
  • dark green with white underside
Tip: Only diseased and damaged branches should be cut off in summer, otherwise no further pruning measures are necessary.

Dwarf Pine ‘Radiata’ (Pinus strobus)

  • stocky, spherical, compact growth
  • up to 300 cm high
  • in old age up to 400 cm wide
  • Dwarf form with blue needles, five needles
  • Needles long, soft, brush-like

Dwarf cork fir ‘Compacta’ (Abies lasiocarpa)

  • upright, densely bushy, heavily branched small trees
  • squat, pyramidal up to 300 cm high
  • Needles oblong, green to silvery grey
  • Bark corky, greyish
  • elongated brown cones

Dwarf colony ‘Compressa’ (Juniperus communis)

  • compact, columnar growth, stays small
  • fully grown hardly wider than 30-40 cm
  • Growth height of 80-120 cm
  • Garden trees with very fine, light green-silver colored needles
  • yellow cones, inconspicuous

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